INTRODUCTION

STI are quite common. In the sexually active, its almost a certainty that one would have it at one time or another.

Viral STI are usually a tad difficult to treat , however , non-viral ones are usually easily cured with drugs.

 

COMMON STI

Bacterial - Gonorrhoea, Syphilis, Chlamydia

Fungal – Candidiasis,

Protozoa – Trichomoniasis

 

PREVENTION

1. Be faithful to one partner

2. Correct, regular condom use

3. Abstinence

4. Good personal and environmental hygiene

 

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS

1. Genital rashes

2. Genital sores

3. Itching in the pubic area or generalised

4. Fever

5. Vaginal or penile discharge

6. Swelling of the groin lymph nodes ( could be painful or not)

7. Deep abdominal pains while having sex( for females)

 

WHAT TO DO IF YOU HAVE IT

Some people may due to shame and other personal reasons fail to go for treatment or worse still, commence self medication. This is a dangerous move, in the light of the high frequency of antibiotics resistance these days.

The best thing to do is:

1. Report to your doctor, in a hospital setting.

2. Do requested investigations including a culture and sensitivity test.

3. Be regular with administered drugs and take as long as prescribed.

4. Repeat investigations to check if infection has cleared.

NB: This is just a guide and does not replace what your doctor tells you!

 

COMPLICATIONS OF POORLY TREATED OR UNTREATED STI

1. Increased likelihood of ectopic pregnancy

2. Infertility

3. Poor self esteem

4. Sepsis

5. Depression

6. Poor sexual performance and libido

 

DANGERS OF SELF TREATMENT

More often recently, because of antibiotics abuse, resistance of microorganisms is rampant and it is becoming harder to treat infections.

In my practice, I have seen endocervical swab culture results with the organism resistant to all common antibiotics.

These cases are brought about by self treatment of STI and other ailment. Resistant organisms are more difficult to treat and will require more novel and usually more expensive drugs.

In rare cases, there may be little or no viable treatment options. This exposes the individual to the complications of STI as listed above and decreases the chances of survival, so self medication with antibiotics should be avoided at all cost.